AGNI pioneers Malaysia’s very first high efficiency, renewable energy power plant in Pahang.
MALAYSIA STEPS INTO ALTERNATIVE RENEWABLE ENERGY SPACE
Agni Inc, a global leader in the field of renewable and alternative clean energy technology, announces the commencement of construction of its first Biomass to Energy plant in Malaysia, in the district of Bera, Pahang.
AGNI INC BRING MALAYSIA TO RENEWABLE ENERGY POWER PLANT IN PAHANG – BIOMASS TO ENERGY & FUEL TECHNOLOGIES
Construction of the 10MW plant is anticipated to complete in the next 18 months. AGNI Inc, with business operations in Europe and the United States, is working towards completion by end 2009; targeting to export power into the Malaysian electrical grid, from its Bera Plant by 2010. The first of its kind in Malaysia, the plant enjoys significantly higher efficiency in excess of 30%, compared to conventional plant efficiency of only 15% to 18%, thereby requiring 120,000 tonnes of biomass per annum to produce 10MWe. The biomass will be supplied by the Federal Land Development Authority of Malaysia, (FELDA) under a concession agreement signed in September 2008.
Mr. Ramani Muniyandi, AGNI Inc’s President and General Counsel said that, “The plant in Bera, Pahang, will mark the first plant of its kind offering secondary gasification with gas separation technology and high efficiency energy conversion systems.” The plant, when constructed will provide power to supplement the needs of the district of Bera. It will also augment the existing power supply by providing additional power for both peak and base load supply in addition to providing voltage support to the transmission line. “The energy generated by the power plant could be used to spur growth and development for the region of Bera”, Mr. Muniyandi added. AGNI Inc’s plant in Bera will save more than 2million tons of CO2 from being emitted into the environment, over the next 21 years.
AGNI’s renewable and alternative energy technology in Bera allows for the conversion of Empty Fruit Bunches from palm oil (EFB) ( otherwise known as biomass) to energy via molten carbonate fuel cells which qualifies for zero carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions; a major contributor of global warming.
The plant is expected to boost employment for the people of Bera on completion. This Project could offer Malaysia a significant opportunity to propel into the renewable energy market map globally, a market that has seen growth in its leaps and bounds in Europe, North America and Japan in the recent years.
Through the combustion of everyday trash in modern facilities, waste-to-energy plants provide feasible options to populations that would otherwise buy power from conventional power plants and dispose of their trash in landfills. Waste-to-energy power plants provide vital trash disposal services and generate clean, renewable energy.
Agni’s technology is more efficient compared to other technologies. The specific biomass consumption is less compared to other technologies. Biomass calorific value to electrical energy is typically twice to that of conventional technology. Potash derived from the gasification process is rich in nitrates and some potassium, suitable for use as fertilizers when augmented with potassium and phosphorous.
About Agni INC
Agni Inc., an advanced energy technology company, is a specialist in the art of high efficiency, performance and environmentally friendly:
Power generation technology
Fuel cell technology
Fuel processing technology
CO2 sequestration technology
Solar Thermal Energy Generation Technology
Agni Inc. is an industry leader in the field of alternative clean energy generation technology development. Agni is dedicated to providing high efficiency, low emission on-site systems delivering significant environmental and commercial benefits to its customers.
Agni’s range of power generation technologies enable significantly more efficient electrical power production and also the recovery of excess heat which may be converted into hot water, steam and chilled water for air-conditioning or used to produce even more electrical power. Our technology can be configured to produce potable water as a by-product, and to recover CO2, therefore without emitting hazardous greenhouse gases.
BIOMASS TO ENERGY SYSTEM
Agni designs, engineers, manufactures, erects and commissions two types of Gasifiers. For installations below 1MW, Agni advocates the “Downdraft Gasifier” technology and for installations above 1MW the “Circulating Fluidized Bed Gasification” technology.
The salient features of Agni’s design include higher heating value producer gas; higher hydrogen content producer gas composition; very low tar content (typically about 0.001 g/m³); and extremely low sulphur and chlorine content. Thus, Agni’s Gasifier technology reduces significantly the problems hitherto associated with the utilisation of biomass as a source of energy.
Agni’s Gasification Process can adapt to biomass physical property changes within reason, by state of the art microprocessor control.
This allows smooth control of the Gasifier in the event of Biomass change as well as, consistent output in the producer gas, despite variation in Biomass characteristics. This unique feature of Agni’s Gasification process, allows the change of Biomass in the event of discontinuance in supply; or multiple vendor Biomass supply; or simply variation in Biomass physical properties as a result of nature i.e. higher moisture content in Biomass etc.
BIOMASS TO FUEL TECHNOLOGIES
Agni provides the option of either converting the biomass directly to Bio-ethanol using fermentation technology or the biomass is gasified to produce syngas (producer gas) which can be converted to a wide range of commercial products from gasoline to diesel to candle wax using Agni’s P3 process based on Fischer Tropsch Technology. For optimal commercial viability, we would recommend middle distillate fuels: kerosene, gasoline, diesel and naphtha. The CO2 produced in the plant as a by-product is also used, such that no CO2 is emitted into the environment.
Feedstock may include purpose-grown crops (including maize and corn), crop waste, paper mill sludge, household waste (including sewage), energy crops, agricultural and forestry residues, municipal solid waste (MSW), herbaceous and woody plants, and underused standing forests.
Ethanol from biomass and waste undergoes 2 stages:
Hydrolysis to break the material down into simple sugar molecules
Fermentation to produce ethanol
For production of ethanol, the cellulosic feedstock is first pre-treated to convert hemi-cellulose into soluble sugars such as xylose sugars. The cellulose fraction is hydrolysed by acids or enzymes to produce glucose, which is subsequently fermented to ethanol. The soluble xylose sugars derived from hemi-cellulose are also fermented to ethanol. Lignin, which cannot be fermented into ethanol, can be used as fuel to produce heat or electricity.
Agni’s P3 process based on Fischer Tropsch Technology
Agni’s process makes use of hydrocracking and hydroisomerisation processes. Fuels produced by the Agni P3 process contain no sulphur, no aromatics or ring chain hydrocarbons that are toxic and harmful to the environment. The Agni process even makes use of the CO2 produced in the plant as a by-product, such that no CO2 is emitted into the environment.
Agni’s P3 Process can produce clean fuels which is biofuel for our future, from coal, bio-mass (garbage), bio-renewable (trees and plants) that will reduce our dependence on foreign crude oil and products.